It is believed that the skin radiates beauty and health only if it is rich in vitamins and minerals. Let's be curious, what is the biochemistry of beauty?
Vitamin A (retinol) Provitamin A (carotene)
increases the elasticity and smoothness of the skin, protects hair from excessive loss, vitamin A refers to antioxidants.
With a deficiency of retinol and carotene, the skin becomes rough and dry, hair can fall out faster than new ones grow back.
The increase in vitamin A is promoted by: liver, beef, lamb, fish oil or fatty fish, butter and milk, carrots and tomatoes.
Moreover, only 12 grams of beef liver provide the minimum body's need for vitamin A, and 36 is enough for the recommended need. Canned foods known as "cod liver" are 23 and 69 grams, respectively.
Vitamin A and provitamin A dissolve in oil.
On the goods of mass and individual cosmetics with vitamin A you can find: first age signs or regenerating, ritinol or carotene.
B vitamins contribute to skin rejuvenation:
B1 (thiamine) normalizes and supports metabolic processes in the skin, hair and nails, a necessary component of the regeneration and construction of new cells, ensures heredity at the cellular level;
B2 (riboflavin) stimulates energy processes in cells
B5 (pantothenic acid) prevents premature wrinkles
B6 (pyridoxine) activates metabolic processes
B12 (cyanocobalamin) helps the circulatory system and maintain weight normally
B1 deficiency in the body is reported by symptoms described in medicine, such as beriberi syndrome: decreased appetite, blurred consciousness, decreased muscle and intestinal tone, poor coordination, depression, weakness, nervousness, insensitivity, burning and / or swelling on the hands and feet, reduced pain threshold, shortness of breath. The classic syndrome of insufficiency is called beriberi.
Thiamine is rich in: beans, unpeeled grains (wheat germ, rice), meat (especially pork), liver, brewer's yeast.
Symptoms of vitamin B2 deficiency include depression, and even personality degradation, focal hair loss, damage to the mucous membranes: the mouth. as evidenced by sores in the corners of the lips; itching and inflammation of the genital organs, redness, burning in the eyes and their increased sensitivity to light, darkening of vision and even cataracts, skin tendency to seborrhea, as well as dizziness. During pregnancy and breastfeeding, women need increased dosages of B2.
The greatest amount of vitamin B2 is found in beef liver, eggs, cheeses, mackerel and cottage cheese.
Deficiency of B5 is very rare, accompanied by abdominal pain and loss of appetite, hair loss, emotional depression, irritability, weakness, muscle spasms and pain in the legs, loss of coordination, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, acceleration of the pulse, decreased pressure. Experiments on animals, in addition to the terrible picture of the destruction of the body and, first of all, the function of procreation, showed the appearance of gray hair in response to an artificial deficiency of B5.
High B5 content is found in liver, peanuts, whole and sprouted grains, bran and brewer's yeast, yolk, chicken meat and broccoli.
Pantothenic acid is destroyed by dry heat, when the pH is deflected towards acid or alkali – in the oven or in the grill, by solutions of acids and alkalis, when canning and freezing, and when grinding (grinding grain), calcination (oils), refining sugar.
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
is necessary in the processes of cholesterol metabolism and other metabolic processes, the formation of hemoglobin, for the functioning of brain cells.
It is recommended to increase the consumption of B6 during pregnancy, tobacco smoking, excessive enthusiasm for alcohol, with an increase in protein intake.
For a number of diseases, it is necessary to consult a doctor about the compatibility of B6 and prescribed drugs.
Evidence of vitamin B6 deficiency: a depressive state, often accompanied by drowsiness. fatigue, irritability and nervousness, with a tendency to general inhibition, hair can fall out in strands * alopecia), acne appears on the skin, mucous membranes and peri-mucus membranes suffer: cracking in the corners of the mouth, soreness of the tongue, ulcers in the mouth, conjunctivitis, anemia, badly pinch wounds and cuts, there is a feeling of tingling or electric shock; appetite disappears, nausea is possible.
An overdose of B6 is possible.
The greatest amounts of pyridoxine contain liver, mackerel, beans.
It is lost during heat treatment, freezing, grinding.
Deficiency of vitamin B12 is evidenced by increased fatigue and depression, a tendency to dizziness, irritability, headache and other disorders of the nervous system, red smooth tongue, constipation and / or stomach spasms, instability of the heart rhythm. In extreme manifestations of deficiency, the destruction of the nervous system and spinal cord is possible.
Vegetarian diets do not replenish vitamin B12, the greatest amount of vitamin in the liver, kidneys and heart of animals and in oysters, it is quite a lot in low-fat dry milk, crabs, salmon and sardines, yolks.
B vitamins are water-soluble.
They are usually referred to as a lipid or intense moisturizing complex.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)the main functions of
the vitamin in the body are strengthening the walls of blood vessels and increasing immunity. With the help of vitamin C, collagen is formed, thanks to it, the skin has elasticity and elasticity, collagen evens out the skin, smoothing wrinkles. Blocks the formation of toxic substances in the body, promotes the absorption of proteins, iron, a number of vitamins. It is recommended to increase the intake of vitamin C with increased physical exertion.
Deficiency of vitamin C can replenish citrus fruits, currants (especially black) and sweet peppers, rose hips, parsley, dill.
The vitamin is water-soluble, destroyed by heat treatment, exposure to the sun and long-term storage.
It is customary to indicate vitamin C in the composition. as improves complexion or eclat, energizing, revitalizing, fruit acids.
strengthens bone tissue and retains water in skin cells, maintaining water balance.
The skin contains an inactive substance that, under the influence of sunlight, in case of vitamin D deficiency, is converted into active vitamin D. This form is designated D3 and is also found in animal products. The amount of cholecalciferol synthesized in the skin under the influence of sunlight is affected by the length of the light wave, the color of the skin, the darker the skin, the less vitamin D in it is reserved, the purity of the atmosphere.
Synthetic vitamin D, designated as D2 (ergocalciferol), is obtained by exposure to ultraviolet radiation on some yeast fungi.
With age or under the influence of lifestyle in the room, vitamin D deficiency is possible. In medicine, the symptoms of vitamin D deficiency are known as rickets, there is a burning sensation in the nasopharynx, nervousness, sweating of the head, diarrhea, insomnia, a decrease in the content of mineral components in the bones and myopia.
With an overabundance of vitamin D, the same nervousness and irritability, weakness, vomiting, nausea, headache, loss
are observed The vitamin is generously represented in sea fish, sea kale, seafood, milk and eggs. Vitamin concentrate is derived from cod liver oil.
Vitamin D dissolves in oil.
The presence of vitamin D in the composition of cosmetics is evidenced by the inscriptions: algae extract, salts and minerals of the Dead Sea, thermal plankton, caviar, algo
Vitamin E (tocopherol)
slows down the aging process in the body and skin cells, accelerates blood circulation and prevents the formation of blood clots.especially recommended for sensitive skin, promotes the absorption of vitamin A.
Vitamin E deficiency is compensated by products such as nuts, vegetable oil: sunflower, cotton, saffron, corn, margarine, sunflower seeds, almonds, peanuts, milk.
Vitamin E is soluble in oil, is not lost during heat treatment, is destroyed by rancidity of the oil and exposure to sunlight.
In cosmetics, suppliers of vitamin E: grape seed oil, shea olives, wheat germ or soybeans.
Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid, niacin) improves
the hematopoietic functions of the body, improves the digestive system, promotes skin smoothness, affects cholesterol metabolism, cell respiration, energy production during the oxidation of proteins and carbohydrates in cells. Reglulates higher nervous activity.
Vitamin is found in significant quantities in the kidneys and liver of animals, meat products, mushrooms, rye and wheat bread of coarse grinding, buckwheat, peas, sprouted grains, potatoes, cabbage, carrots, plums, grapes, apples and brewer's yeast.
Soluble in oil, lost during heat treatment.
Vitamin H (biotin)
is an important component of the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, supports the nervous and immune systems, protects the skin from dryness and peeling.
The liver, pork kidneys, soybeans and legumes are distinguished by a high content of vitamin H.
Vitamins and beauty are related: vitamins contribute to beauty and health, and the beauty of hair and skin can serve as an indicator of the lack of certain vitamins in the body.